1. What are the ABCs of diabetes and what is a good target for me?
A is for the A1C test. A1C is a measure of blood glucose levels over the previous two to three months. The A1C goal for most people with diabetes is less than 7 percent.
B is for blood pressure. For most people with diabetes, the target blood pressure is less than 140/80.
C is for cholesterol. The target LDL (bad) cholesterol for people with diabetes is less than 100. Keeping your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol close to these target levels reduces your risk for the long-term problems of diabetes. Ask your health care team to help you choose the best targets for your diabetes.
2. How will I know if the medicines I take for diabetes are working?
If your home blood glucose readings and your A1C are within your target range, then your medicines, your eating plan and your physical activity plan are working. If your blood glucose checks and A1C level are not within your target ranges, then it’s time to review how your medicines, food and activity are balanced. Bring your medicines and blood glucose log to your appointments and talk to your health care team about what may or may not be working for you.
3. Are my children at risk for type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes runs in families. Maintaining a healthy weight and being physically activity help a great deal to reduce the risk. As you take steps to manage your own diabetes, think about how you can help your children and grandchildren take steps to stay healthy and avoid type 2 diabetes in the future. Ask your health care team about local resources for healthy eating and activity.
4. When should I schedule my next routine visit?
Before leaving the health care team’s office, ask to schedule your next visit. People with diabetes should see their healthcare provider at least twice a year.
5. How can I learn more about type 2 diabetes?
Ask your health care team about local diabetes education programs, organizations and support groups that can help you learn about how to better live and cope with diabetes.